International Scientific Conference
HUMAN & LANDSCAPE : Geographical approach in the Prehistoric Archaeology, February 3 – 5, 2016, Kyiv, Ukraine
One of the first steps towards the creation of an East European network for the study of prehistoric societies and processes of neolithization was the holding of the international scientific conference “HUMAN & LANDSCAPE : Geographical approach in the Prehistoric Archaeology” at Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, which took place within the framework of the SCOPES program NEENAWA and supported by the Swiss and French embassies in Ukraine.
Due to the initiative of Department of Archaeology and Museology of the Faculty of History of the Kyiv National University and the Center for Paleoethnological Research the Organizing committee of the conference was created which included teachers and staff of the Department:
The Head of the Committee – prof. R. Terpylovskyi, the Head of the Department
Secretary – associate prof. P. Shydlovskyi;
The Head of Archaeological Museum of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv L. Samoilenko;
as well as graduate students and students O. Lyzun, I. Radomskyi, Ye. Sliesarev, D. Zhelaga, A. Virtsan
To take part in a conference were invited specialists from university centers and scientific establishments of Switzerland, France, Belgium, Poland, Belarus, Georgia and a number of scientific and educational institutions of Ukraine.
Topics which were highlighted on the conference cover issues of interaction between the environment and societies of Prehistoric Age: climate and landscape, natural resources, flora and fauna as factors for the development of humans’ culture on the territory of Europe. Problems chronologically cover the period from the Paleolithic – up to the Bronze Age:
- Theory, methods and history of Spatial Archaeology.
- The interaction between nature and society in Prehistoric Age:
– the Paleolithic hunters-gatherers’ societies;
– cultural adaptation to natural conditions in the Mesolithic;
– dissemination processes of reproductive forms of economy in Neolithic – Chalcolithic;
– development of agricultural and pastoral cultures of Bronze Age.
- The local group in a natural environment (settlements, dwellings, culture of household)
Speeches and presentations at the conference were divided into three sections, namely:
Section 1: History, theory, and methods of spatial archeology
Section 2: The interaction between nature and society in Pleistocene
Section 3. Cultural adaptation to natural conditions in the Early Holocene
The conference was accompanied by an exhibition of archaeological materials from the collections of the Department of Archeology and Museology at the Archaeological Museum of the University.
A presentation of a book published in association with NEENAWA project within the framework of VITA ANTIQUA Library was also held:
Shydlovskyi P.S., Lysenko S.D., Kyrylenko O.S., Sorokun A.A., Pichkur Ye.V. Prehistoric Archaeology of the Lower Desna Region. – Kyiv, 2016. – 344 p.
A group of Ukrainian researchers – the participants in the NEENAWA project – presented a series of reports dealing with the interaction of prehistoric societies and environment at the end of the Pleistocene – Early Holocene in the territories of the Dnieper and Dniester regions:
Comparative Analysis of the Pleistocene Fauna of Ukraine at the Example of Hinci, Dobranychivka, Mezhyrich and Mizyn Settlements (Margaryta Chymyrys)
Large mammal exploitation during the Epigravettian at Semenivka 1, 2, 3 and Mezhyrich (Stéphane Péan, Dmytro Nuzhnyi, Pavlo Shydlovskyi)
Landscape changes in Middle Dnieper region on the border of Pleistocene – Holocene : archaeological evidences (Pavlo Shydlovskyi)
Dnieper landscape rehabilitation in the context of the study of Neolithic cemeteries (Marta Andriiovych)
Natural conditions of early Trypillian tribes settling in the Middle Dniester (Sliesariev Yevhenii)
Spatial organization of the stone implements from Trypillian settlement Ozheve-ostriv (Ivan Radomskyi)
Spatial behavior of the Late Trypillian population in the Kyiv Dnieper region of C I – C II stages (Oleksandr Kyrylenko, Oleksandr Diachenko)
Within the framework of the conference an open lecture on the topic Archaeology in Switzerland : between lakes and mountains by Albert Hafner (University of Bern, Institute of Archaeological Sciences, Department of Prehistoric Archaeology) was read.
During the conference there were meetings of project NEENAWA advisors (Albert Hafner, Yana Morozova, Pavlo Shydlovskyi) with the administration of the University – Rector Leonid Gubersky, Vice-rector for international relations Petro Bekh and the representatives of the embassies of Switzerland and France in Ukraine in order to further deepen international cooperation in science and academic mobility.
In general, the following organizations were represented at the conference:
Archaeological Museum, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv (Ukraine)
Batumi Shota Rustaveli State University and Batumi Archaeological Museum, Batumi (Georgia);
DGP “Ukrgeophisics”, Kyiv (Ukraine)
I.I. Mechnikov Odessa National University, Odesa (Ukraine)
Institute of Archaeological Sciences, University of Bern, Bern (Switzerland)
Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow (Poland);
Institute of Archaeology NAS of Ukraine, Kyiv (Ukraine)
Institute of Archaeology, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow (Poland)
Institute of Geography NAS Ukraine, Kyiv (Ukraine)
Institute of Geography, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv (Ukraine)
Institute of History, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk (Belarus)
Institute of Zoology Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint-Petersburg (Russia)
- Shmalgauzen Institute of Zoology NAS Ukraine, Kyiv (Ukraine)
National Historical and Architectural museum «The Fortress of Kyiv» (Ukraine)
National Museum of Natural History, Paris (France)
National University “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”, Kyiv (Ukraine)
Odessa Archaeological Museum of NAS Ukraine, Odesa (Ukraine)
Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Saint-Petersburg (Russian Federation)
SEI “Institute of Geology”, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv (Ukraine)
Taras Shevchenko Chernihiv National Pedagogical University, Chernihiv (Ukraine)
Ukrainian State University of Railway Transport, Kharkiv (Ukraine)
University of Liège (Belgium)
International conference “Human and Landscape” became the first step towards the integration of national research into the overall European space, which displaying tasks put forward by the organizers:
— overcoming of discreteness of modern science, restrained in the framework of official institutions and because of its high specialization of researches, science becomes increasingly isolated from society;
— implementation of an integrated approach to the study of historical events using various methods of natural and human sciences (archaeology, ethnology, geology, ecology etc.);
— conduct comprehensive researches of ancient societies to demonstrate relationships between human communities and with the environment at different stages of historical development. The main source of such researches is an analysis of vital activity remains of ancient societies in connection with ethnographic observations and the study of ancient ecosystems.
The abstracts of the conference participants were published as a separate edition in the series of VITA ANTIQUA Library:
International Scientific Conference “HUMAN & LANDSCAPE : Geographical approach in the Prehistoric Archaeology” (February 3 – 5, 2016, Kyiv, Ukraine) : Abstracts. – Kyiv : 2016. (Vita Antiqua Library). – 94 p. Eds.: P. Shydlovskyi, Y. Sliesarev, O. Lyzun, I. Radomskyi, A. Virtsan.
According to the conference materials, proceedings were published:
HUMAN & LANDSCAPE: Prehistoric Archaeology of Eastern Europe. – VITA ANTIQUA, #9. Collection of scientific works. – Kyiv : 2017. – 282 p.